The latest statistics show that the most common cancers in 2017 are breast cancer, lung and bronchus cancer, prostate cancer, colon and rectum cancer, bladder cancer, melanoma of the skin, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, thyroid cancer, kidney and renal pelvis cancer, leukemia, endometrial cancer, and pancreatic cancer.
But according to the experts, they claim that breast, colon, endometrial, lung, cervical, skin and ovarian cancer affect woman the most. So, ladies, be careful and do not ignore these twelve signs: breast changes, irregular bleeding, rectal bleeding, discharge, bloating, unexplained weight gain or loss, change in lymph nodes, persistent cough, fatigue, skin changes, mouth changes, and fever.
- Breast changes;
Even if your mammogram is normal, if you feel a lump, don’t ignore it. And if your nipple gets scaly or starts flaking, that can be an indicator for a Paget’s disease of the nipple. You should check out any milky or bloody nipple discharge. And you should see your doctor right away if you notice dimpling of the skin over the breast, particularly if it looks like the skin on an orange.
- Irregular bleeding;
Once you are in a menopause, which is defined as 12 months without a period, if you get any postmenopausal bleeding, that can be a warning sign because any bleeding, staining, little drops on your underwear, or big clots are abnormal and they should be immediately investigated.
- Rectal bleeding;
The third most common cancer is the colon cancer in women and one of its hallmarks is the rectal bleeding, which many people link to hemorrhoids, the most common cause. If you have a red or dark blood in your stool, you should see your doctor.
If you have a foul or smelly vaginal discharge, that could be a symptom of cervical cancer. You should know that the discharge may contain blood and may occur between periods or after menopause.
The symptoms of ovarian cancer are: bloating, feeling that you’re getting full, and that is usually earlier than you typically would when eating, changing bowel or bladder habits, such as urinating more frequently, low back or pelvic pain.
- Unexplained weight gain or loss;
When you gain excess weight month to month, and you usually maintain a normal weight and are careful what you eat, then this can be a result of a buildup of fluid in the belly related to ovarian cancer and you need to check up with your doctor.
- Change in lymph nodes;
If in your neck or under your arm you feel hard lymph nodes, then you should see a doctor. An infection can cause a swollen, firm lymph nodes, but lymphoma or lung, breast, head, or neck cancer that has spread can also show up as an enlarged lymph node.
- A persistent cough;
And cough, persistent that lasts more than two or three weeks and is not because of an allergy or upper respiratory infection, or one that produces blood needs to be checked. If your cough is caused by smoking or if you are exposed to secondhand smoke, get it checked out, because smoking is the number one cancer killer.
Blood loss can be caused by leukemia, colon, or stomach cancer and this can result in fatigue which can be a serious problem and it is easy to ignore.
- Skin changes;
If you smoke or drink alcohol and you have sores in the mouth that do not heal, those can be signs of oral cancer.
- Mouth changes;
If you are a smoker, two things can be a signal for oral cancer – the white or bright-red patches inside your mouth or on your lips.
A signal for leukemia or another blood cancer can be the fever that doesn’t go away and cannot be explained.
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